Ashʿariyyah: The Qurʾān Is Created (Indecisiveness Concerning the Speech of Allāh)
Excerpted from the audio lecture 'Speaking Decisively about the Qurʾān Being the Speech of Allāh' from the ʿAqīdah Course (Summer '07) based on the Hā'iyyah poem of the famous scholar Ibn Abī Dāwūd al-Sijistānī.
From the points discussed:
- Clarifying the Ash'aree doubt concerning the āyah: Verily, this is the Word (this Qurʾān brought by) a most honourable messenger [Jibrīl (Gabriel), from Allāh to the Prophet Muḥammad (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhī wa-sallam)]. (At-Takwir 81:19) Their claim that the speech of Jibrīl is created and therefore the Qurʾān is created and not the speech of Allāh!
- The deficient nature of one who cannot speak and how this does not befit the Lord of Creation
Say (O Muḥammad ṣallallāhu ʿalayhī wa-sallam to mankind). "If the sea were ink for (writing) the Words of my Lord, surely, the sea would be exhausted before the Words of my Lord would be finished, even if we brought (another sea) like it for its aid." (Al-Kahf 18:109)
The full lecture explains the following lines of poetry from Ibn Abī Dāwūd's Haa'iyyah
(3) And say: Not a created thing is the Speech of our great King,
Such was the religious position of the pious ones (before us) who spoke well.
(4) And do not be a person who takes no position on the Quran,
As did the followers of Jahm, and they had been too lax (to take the right position).
(5) And do not say that the Quran is created, meaning: its recitation,
Since the Speech of Allāh, through its recitation, is made clear.
Summer Courses 2007 – Masjid al-Furqān – Toronto, Ontario
Translated by Mūsá Richardson