Ash'ariyyah: Clarifying the Doubt-Filled Arguments of the Ash'aree

. Posted in Ash'ariyyah

ImageBy Au 'Iyaad Amjad Rafeeq

Excerpted from the audio lecture 'The Concern for Tawheed in Relation to Rectification of the Ummah (3 CDs)' the third and final CD in the series entitled: Correctness with Regards to the Names & Attributes of Allaah

From the points discussed:

  • The Asharee idea that there are only 7 Attributes only, of which are affirmed by the intellect
  • The improper understanding of the 7 Attributes they do affirm
  • Their tahreef (distortion) of the texts which mention these seven Attributes
  • Their mistaken reasoning that the rest of the Attributes are to be rejected since they cannot be affirmed with intellectual reasoning
  • Using the Intellect as a primary basis of proof is a baseless bid'ah and opposes the manhaj of the early Salaf
  • Referring to the Intellect in this affair (Asmaa' was-Sifaat - Names and Attributes) in itself opposes the Intellect (as it cannot be comprehended by the human mind alone)!
  • Intellectual deduction in this affair will breed mass confusion and contradiction as the intellects will clash, person to person, one affirming something, one negating another, one explaining it this way, the other explaining it another way (another example of the futility of abandoning  leaving the Texts  as they are)
  • The corruption of the Ash'aree who when confronted with a text from the Book and the Sunnah and when he cannot reject the authentic source, he changes the meaning:

    Claiming Allaah’s 'Hands' means Power, anything else would be resemblance?  Response:  You have changed the meaning to another Attribute 'Quwaa' (Power) so now should you not do the same with Power (changing it to something else, based on this theory)?

    'Mahabbah' (Love) mean 'Iradah' (Desire), as they claim Love is something that contains deficiency, so they interpret it as something else. Response: So doesn’t the creation have 'Iradah' (desire/will) also? So perhaps you have likened Allaah to His Creation based on your principle of changing the meaning of an Attribute since the creation has a attribute of the same name/type (yet incomparable to Allaah's Attributes), A never ending cycle of intellectually deducing then changing meanings?

  • The Asharee claim that affirming certain Attributes of Allaah necessitates interpreting them as something different to avoid tashbeeh (resemblance) to the creation. What necessitates Allaah Attributes being comparable to His creation? You (Ash'aree) affirm Sight and Hearing for Allaah, yet some of the creation have sight and hearing without any concept that they are comparable to Allaah?
  • The last breathe of their argument being, 'we affirm these (seven) Attributes in manner which befits Allaah's Majestic!' then rather (we) affirm all the Attributes of Allaah in a manner befitting to Allaah (without resemblance, distortion or any type of logical interpretation)!
  • The argument that 'al-istiwaa' has 15 (linguistic) meanings, avoiding the reality that 'alaa is used in the ayah (sneaky methods to deceive the believer)
  • The claim that ‘you cannot attribute direction to Allaah (you are confining Allaah by saying ar-Rahmaan ‘alaa arsh al-istiwaa as it is)’ one of the cornerstones which they attach Ahlus-Sunnah with. The ‘Aqeedah of the Salaf in this regard amongst countless hadeeth, mention that Allaah is outside his Creation, Above the Seven Heavens, Above the Throne. So where does this argument (of direction/confinement) originate? The greek theory of the ‘parallel universe’ (two parallel universes, one which is physical (actual) and one which is conceptual and immeasurable, i.e. one world which has tall and short and one which is conceptual only) which was studied and adopted by the Mu’tizalah (a root of the Ash’aree understanding) who introduced this to their ‘Aqeedah, so then they equated Mercy (Rahmah) as being  conceptual  only,  they claim that Ahlus-Sunnah are limiting Allaah by affirming this ayah as it is, this can be refuted from many angles, from them, Allaah being affirmed as outside of creation, then there is nothing surrounding Allaah or limiting Allaah so the intellectual boundaries they imply are inapplicable, in addition direction is something applicable inside of creation, if it is claimed that Allaah, outside of his Creation is confined, then it would also imply that there is something beyond Allaah (causing this confinement) such that the theories and philosophy would be an endless abyss of nothingness!

In summary, the doubts clarified in this lecture are more than enough to debase the rhetoric of the Ash’aree and protect a person against their harmful ‘Aqeedah.



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