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    Exp. by Shaykh Muḥammad Amān al-Jāmī

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    The third print of TROID Publications first book. The Creed of the Four Imāms studies and compares the statements of these four renowned Imāms as it relates to the Islamic creed.

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Project: Clarifying Common Doubts and Misconceptions Affiliated with the Month of Ramaḍān

al-ḥamdulillāh, this year we will be continuing our series of clarifications on doubts and misconceptions that happen in Ramaḍān (in shāʾ Allāh). Throughout the month, look for updates as we expand this noble project. We ask Allāh to make it of benefit to all. 


Introduction from last year:

The blessed month of Ramaḍān is a time of worship and righteous deeds. However, during this month, many misnomers and false practices exist. The following is a compilation of common doubts and misconceptions corrected and clarified by Islamic scholars.

bismallah

  

  Consequently, when some doubts and misconceptions affiliated with the month of Ramaḍān became widespread, I saw it fit to clarify some of them so that people will not be deluded by them, for how many a time have you heard the expression: Whoever dies during Ramaḍān will enter paradise without any reckoning, or that they will not be punished in the grave? Or the expression: The beginning of Ramaḍān is reserved for Allāh’s mercy, its middle for His forgiveness, and its end for redemption from the Fire?
 

A Clarification of Some Common Doubts and Misconceptions Affiliated with the Month of Ramaḍān, as Clarified by Some of Our Noble Scholars

Verily, the Book, the Sunnah, and the consensus of the scholars have all affirmed the fact that enjoining the good and forbidding the evil is something incumbent upon at least a portion of the Ummah. 

Allāh, the Most High, has spoken in numerous places in His Glorious Book about this affair, for He said in one place:

وَلْتَكُن مِّنكُمْ أُمَّةٌ يَدْعُونَ إِلَى الْخَيْرِ وَيَأْمُرُونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَيَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ الْمُنكَرِ ۚوَأُولَـٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ ﴿١٠٤

"Let there arise out of you a group of people inviting to all that is good [Islām], enjoining [i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islām orders one to do] and forbidding [polytheism and disbelief and all that Islām has forbidden]. And it is they who are the successful." [Sūrah Āl-Imrān, 3:104]


Likewise, the Prophet (ﷺ) has made mention of it on many occasions; for instance, he (ﷺ) said: "Whosoever of you sees an evil, let him change it with his hand, and if he is not able to do so, then let him change it with his tongue, and if he is not able to do so, then with his heart—and that is the weakest of faith." (Reported by Muslim.)

As a result, the scholars—both past and present—have unanimously agreed that enjoining the good and forbidding the evil is mandatory upon whoever has the ability to do so. Ibn Taymiyyah (رحمه الله) said: "The scholars of the religion have agreed that enjoining the good and forbidding the evil is mandatory upon the people" (Jāmi’ al-Masāil, vol 3, pg. 381)

Also, al-Nawawī (رحمه الله) stated when commenting on his (ﷺ) statement: "Let him change it with his hand" the following: “Therefore, it is a mandatory affair, as agreed by the Imāms” (Ṣharḥ Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim, vol.2, pg. 22).

And from enjoining the good and forbidding the evil, is the issue of clarifying truth from falsehood and not remaining silent about it. Allāh, the Most High, has said:

وَلَا تَلْبِسُوا الْحَقَّ بِالْبَاطِلِ وَتَكْتُمُوا الْحَقَّ وَأَنتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ ﴿٤٢

"And mix not truth with falsehood, nor conceal the truth while you know it." [Sūrah al-Baqarah, 2:42]


Furthermore, He mentioned that this characteristic of concealing the truth and remaining silent about it is from the characteristics of the people of the Book. He said:

لُعِنَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مِن بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ عَلَىٰ لِسَانِ دَاوُودَ وَعِيسَى ابْنِ مَرْيَمَ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ بِمَا عَصَوا وَّكَانُوا يَعْتَدُونَ ﴿٧٨ كَانُوا لَا يَتَنَاهَوْنَ عَن مُّنكَرٍ فَعَلُوهُ ۚ لَبِئْسَ مَا كَانُوا يَفْعَلُونَ ﴿٧٩


"Those among the Children of Israel who disbelieved were cursed by the tongue of Dāwūd [David] and ʿĪsá [Jesus], son of Maryam [Mary]. That was because they disobeyed [Allāh and the messengers] and were ever transgressing beyond bounds. They used not to forbid one another from the munkar [wrong, evildoing, sins, polytheism, disbelief, etc.] which they committed. Vile indeed was what they used to do." [Sūrah al-Maʾidah, 5:78-79]


Consequently, when some doubts and misconceptions affiliated with the month of Ramaḍān became widespread, I saw it fit to clarify some of them so that people will not be deluded by them, for how many a time have you heard the expression: Whoever dies during Ramaḍān will enter paradise without any reckoning, or that they will not be punished in the grave? Or the expression: The beginning of Ramaḍān is reserved for Allāh’s mercy, its middle for His forgiveness, and its end for redemption from the Fire?

Therefore, the following is a series of brief articles highlighting a few common doubts and misconceptions that are often repeated upon the tongues of the common folk, specifically upon the inception of this blessed month. Additionally, in some cases, mention will be made about their origin.

I ask Allāh by His Beautiful Names and Perfect Attributes to grant me tawfīq in this venture, and to make it a source of benefit for the Muslims.

Written by: Musa Shaleem Mohammed
13th June, 2016.

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Benefit: The Permissibility of Backbiting When Requesting a Verdict

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

On the authority of ʿĀʾishah (raḍi Allāhu ʿanhā): Hind bint ʿUtbah said: "O Messenger of Allāh! Verily, Abū Sufyān is a stingy man who does not provide sufficient provisions for me and my child, except when I take from him without his knowledge.’" He (ṣallá Allāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) replied: "Take [from his property] that which is sufficient for you and your child" [Bukhārī and Muslim].

Al-Ḥāfidh ibn Ḥajr mentions: “This narration is proof that it is permissible to mention a person with qualities that he is not fond of in certain situations, such as attaining a fatwá or filing a complaint and the likes of this. This is one of the times where backbiting is permissible” [Fatḥ al-Bārī: 9/509].

Shaykh Rabīʿ ibn Hādī al-Madkhalī: “The Messenger of Allāh (ṣallá Allāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) did not rebuke Ḥind bint ʿUtbah for mentioning Abū Sufyān’s deficiency. Likewise, he (ṣallá Allāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) did not compel her to mention his good, although Abū Sufyān possessed much good.”

Source: Manhaj Ahl al-Sunnah wa al-Jamāʿah li Shaykh Rabīʿ al-Madkhalī pg. 30-31.
Translated by: Munīb al-Ṣumālī
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Ramaḍān 1438 Prayer Schedule for TROID

Multiple reports of the new moon have been reported in Saudi Arabia and elsewhere, including the High Judiciary Council of Saudi Arabia. The 1st day of Ramaḍān will be Saturday May 27th, 2017. Taraweah will begin Friday May 26th after Ṣalāt al-ʿIshāʾ, ʿĪd al-Fiṭr will be either Sunday June 26th or Monday June 26th 2017.

Here is a Prayer timetable for Masjid al-Furqān at TROID. Note: for those who live around the GTA, they should exhibit caution as the prayer entrances may differ slighting due to the vast size of the GTA.  

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Benefit: Who Could Possibly Believe that the Salafī Methodology Is Unsuitable?!

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Shaykh Muḥammad Amān ibn ʿAlī al-Jāmī (رحمه الله) stated:

There isn’t a methodology that is more ideal and suitable; rather, there isn’t a single suitable methodology other than the methodology of the Salaf of this Ummah—the Companions (رضي الله عنهم), the Tāba‘īn, and whoever followed their path and emulated their actions—because Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) is the one who devised it. Therefore, disliking it undoubtedly conflicts with believing in him (ﷺ).

Those who transmitted this methodology were those honorable men whom Allāh chose to accompany His Prophet (ﷺ) and whom He prepared to succeed him (ﷺ). They are Abū Bakr, ‘Umar, ‘Uthmān, ‘Ali, and their brothers (رضي الله عنهم). Therefore, is there a Muslim who believes that this methodology is not suitable?!

Source: Al-Ḥukm ‘Ala’ al-Shayi Far‘ ‘An Taṣawwurhi, pg. 80.

Translated by: Musa Shaleem Mohammed
Reviewed by: Abū Ismāʿīl Muṣṭafá George
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Benefit: Frequent Supplication of the Prophet (ṣallá Allāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam)

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

On the Authority of Anas ibn Mālik (raḍi Allāhu ʿanhu) who said: The Prophet (ṣallá Allāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) used to frequently supplicate by saying:

رَبَّنَا آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَفِي الآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ
Our Lord! Give us that which is good in this world and that which is good in the hereafter, and save us from the torment of the Fire!

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 6026
Translated by: Munīb al-Ṣumālī
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